KABUL (SW) – The total population of Afghanistan is estimated to be 32.9 million for 2019-20 based on the population statistics department of the National Statistics and Information Authority.
The data and statistical information in the statistical yearbook have been collected from ministries, government organizations and private sector providing data on economic and social sectors like population, agriculture, education, health, national accounts, consumer price index, energy, construction, mines and energy, services, foreign trade, finance, statistics and foreign aids which can be used by the planners and data users for better and evidence based planning.
According to the estimate, the men and women make up 16.4 million and 15.8 million of the total population respectively. Based on the estimated population figures the urban population is 7.7 million while the rural population is 23 million and some 1.5 million residents are Kochis (Nomads).
The age dependent population is 16.2 million while 15.3 million population of the country is under 15 years of age and 0.9 million is above 64 years old. The returning refugees from Pakistan, Iran and other countries were 1391 families comprising of 8079 individuals in the year 2019.
The data on educational attainment of civil service employees working in government shows that in total 334681 employees there are 430 people with PhDs, 7035 with Master’s degree and 38721 are graduates while 288495 employees have lower level of education than that.
The Ministry of Education data shows that 10,262,497 students were enrolled in the primary, secondary, high schools, vocational high schools, technical vocational institutes, teacher training institutions, religious education and afghan students abroad in 2019.
There were 9708531 students enrolled in government educational institutions and 553966 students in private educational institutions. The total number of teachers were 241797 in 2019 out of which 211454 were in government and 30343 were in private sector.
The higher education data indicates that in 2019 total number of students of the government higher education institutions together with that of the private educational institutions were 424621 which shows 9.8 percent increase compared to the data of last year, comprising of 310,369 males and 114,252 females. The number of government and private universities and higher education institutions reached to 166 in 2019.
There are 128 private and 38 government universities and higher education institutions. The number of teachers of government and private universities have reached to 18909 where 2599 are female and 16310 are male.
Data on public health indicates that in 2019 there were 2745 health centers. There were 2408 health centers
throughout the country in 2018 which currently shows 14 percent increase. These health centers include sub-centers, basic and comprehensive health centers. In spite of the increase in health centers these facilities are not sufficient as there are only 5 beds and 3 medical doctors available per 10000 people.
Infectious diseases such as Malaria, Tuberculosis and AIDS existed in Afghanistan in 2019 where AIDs has increased in 2019. The number of people living with AIDS in 2019 are 2923 which has increased by 8.7 percent compared to previous year. The aforementioned increase is alarming and should be taken in to consideration.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country was Afs 1,389.69 billion with GDP per capita of Afs 43,157.95.
The growth rate of real GDP was 4.03 percent in 2019.
The share of agriculture, industry and services in total GDP were 25.52, 12.13 and 57.38 percent respectively.
Consumer Price Index (CPI) indicates that inflation rate was 2.3 percent (3.8 percent in food items and 0.9 percent in non-food items) in Afghanistan in 2019. The inflation rate has increased compared to the last year which was 0.6 percent. Based on the consumer price, the highest inflation was in Ghor province by 7.7% followed by Ghazni province by 6.1% in 2019.
Agricultural data in 2019 indicates that wheat production is 5 million metric tons which indicates 35.3% percent increase as compared to the previous year. The reason for increase in wheat production was increase in the rainfall during 2019 particularly in wheat cultivated fields that solely depends on rain. The agricultural land under cereals cultivation has increased by 48% compared to previous year.
Electricity production and import figures in the country shows that electricity production and import has increased from 978.72 million KW in the year 2018 to 1285.50 KW in the year 2019.
Data on foreign trade indicates that in 2019 value of registered goods imports are 6776.8 million and that of exports are 863.8 million only. However, the values of imported goods are 7406.6 million and exports are
875.2 million in 2019. This indicates decrease in the imports by 629.8 million or 8.5 percent and exports decreased by 11.4 million or 1.3 percent compared to the previous year. It is worth mentioning that the total imports include 237.2 million of electricity imports.
Exports of services amounted to 643.7 million in 2019, it shows a decrease of 12.3 percent compared to 2018. Exports of goods and services totaled US$ 1507.5 million in 2019, to compare with 2018 it decreased by 6.3 percent.
Import of services amounted to US$ 1226.3 million in 2019, it decreased by 11.6 percent compared to 2018. Import of goods and services totaled US$ 8003.1 million in 2019, to compare with 2018, it decreased by 9 percent.
The air transportation data in 2018-19 indicate that the government airlines named Ariana has transported 636 tons of goods private airlines have transported 864,000 passengers.
During the 2019 fiscal year, 1610 km of roads were constructed, including 577 km roads were asphalted and 389 km constructed but not asphalted.