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HDR2020: Afghanistan among 20 least developed countries


KABUL (SW) – The 2020 UN Human Development Index report shows Afghanistan securing the 169th slot out of all 189 countries listed in this report.

According to the report, Afghanistan’s human development index in 2019 increased by 69.2 percent between 1990 and 2019. The report stated that the index of human development of women in Afghanistan in 2019 was equal to 0.391 and for men it was 0.593.

According to the report, life expectancy at birth in Afghanistan has increased by 14.5 years, the average number of years of education (average age of a 25 years and older) improved by 2.4 years to 7.6 years.

Similarly, Afghanistan’s gross per capita income fell by about 10 percent between 1990 and 2019.

The report says that the 21st century has witnessed worsening of climate and environmental crises, which can be seen as manifestations of planetary change due to human activities.

It has also proposed solutions to promote human development in balance with the planet, including the development and empowerment of individuals through regulation to prevent gaps between behaviors and values to protect and restore the ecosystem.

This year marks the third anniversary of the publication of the first Human Development Index first launched in 1990. The Human Development Index is to steer the debate over development and progress that goes beyond gross domestic product to a criterion that truly reflects the capabilities of the people as the ultimate indicator for assessing the progress.


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